European Journal of Behavioral Sciences <p align="justify">The European journal of behavioral sciences is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering behavioral sciences. In addition, interdisciplinary research that integrates behavioral sciences and other fields are also solicited. Articles are welcome on research, practice, experience, current issues and debates. Please see the journal’s Aims &amp; Scope for information about its focus and peer-review policy.</p> Mokslinės Leidybos Deimantas (Diamond Scientific Publication) en-US European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2538-807X Pro tip: Screen-based payment methods increase negative feelings in consumers but do not increase tip sizes <p>Leaving monetary tips for servers is a commonplace occurrence in the United States. Tipping research has proposed that consumers tip to serve a variety of motives such as to ensure good service on future patronage, supplement servers’ wages, and comply with social norms. Meanwhile, research on environmental factors that affect tipping behavior, such as method of bill payment, have yielded mixed findings. The advancement of technology has increased the use of screen-based payment methods that feature options with differing suggested tip amounts. This technology may pressure consumers into leaving larger tips or start tipping in situations where they previously would not. Using a computer-based study, we simulated limited-service experiences where customers have short interactions with their servers (e.g., ordering a cup of coffee to-go at a coffee shop). We studied how the availability of screen-based payment methods affected consumer feelings about establishments and tip amounts. Results indicated that, in our simulated coffee shop scenario, people feel negatively about screen-based payment methods and may avoid limited-service establishments that use them, but they did not leave larger tips when compared to other payment methods. Moreover, people did not tip more when a server was visible (versus absent) and empathy did not moderate this effect. Together, these findings suggest that people tip to comply with social norms in limited-service environments even if they may feel negatively about the consumer experience.</p> Francine W Goh Alexandria C Jungck Jeffrey R Stevens Copyright (c) 2022 European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 4 4 1 21 10.33422/ejbs.v4i4.678 The Decentralised Governance in Kenya: Implications on Citizen Participation in Local Governance. <p>This study sought to examine the extent to which decentralisation efforts have affected citizen participation in local governance in Kenya. A survey research design that integrated a mixed-method approach was employed to collect data. The study used Krejcie and Morgan's table to select a sample size of 371 respondents from four counties for the questionnaire instrument. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 16 interview respondents, including critical institutions and organisations in the field. The findings revealed that decentralisation influences citizen participation in local governance. 77.3% of the respondents agreed that decentralisation had promoted political entrepreneurship, while 75% contended that decentralisation had influenced citizen participation in developing policies and legislation. Moreover, 57.2% of the respondents felt that citizen participation in decentralised policy-making was high, while 69% were satisfied that decentralisation had made it possible for citizens to participate in county budgeting. However, only 49% approved the effectiveness of decentralisation in promoting citizen participation in promoting participatory budgeting and planning process. Therefore, the study recommends that the national and county governments put in place measures to safeguard the independence of the counties in realising the objective of citizen participation in local governance.</p> PAUL OTIENO ONYALO Copyright (c) 2022 European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 4 4 22 39 10.33422/ejbs.v4i4.692 The Role of Students’ Perception of Classroom Atmospherics on Second Language Learning Performance <p>Second language learning is an important area of research in the language and linguistic domain. Previous researchers have highlighted that classroom atmospherics has a significant impact on students' learning and students' performance. However, the effect of classroom atmospherics (broadly categorized under three heads---Technology, Location, and Aesthetics) on second language learning performance has not been explored with much rigor. Therefore, the present study aims to explore the classroom atmospherics influence on second language learning performance. A data sample consisting of 165 students was collected and analyzed. The study results uncover certain preconditions for second language learning, especially about classroom atmospherics. The study has high implications on language acquisitions and learning, design of classroom atmospherics, environmental psychology, anthropometrics, to name a few.</p> Sresha Yadav Khomendra Copyright (c) 2022 European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 4 4 40 47 10.33422/ejbs.v4i4.599