European Journal of Behavioral Sciences <p align="justify">The European journal of behavioral sciences is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering behavioral sciences. In addition, interdisciplinary research that integrates behavioral sciences and other fields are also solicited. Articles are welcome on research, practice, experience, current issues and debates. Please see the journal’s Aims &amp; Scope for information about its focus and peer-review policy.</p> Mokslinės Leidybos Deimantas (Diamond Scientific Publication) en-US European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2538-807X Monitoring The Behavioural Based Safety Aspects in a Chemical Industry – During The Normal and The Covid – 19 Circumstances <p>The behavioural aspects prevailing in a chemical organisation has been studied. The safety officer has identified the type of behavioural during the normal and COVID – 19 circumstances. After identifying the existing behaviour of the employees and contractor, in case of abnormality, the Safety officer has trained the employees and contractor for appropriate behaviour in the normal circumstances. Further restricted the spread of the COVID -19 in the organisation. The percentage of variation among the nine different departments with five different kinds of behaviour has been presented. The Mean, standard deviation, correlation and ANNOVA has been applied for the different variables. By Identifying the various type of behaviour in the total population (n = 286) by a safety officer, where the average highest population were following independent safety (9.8 <u>+</u> 12.2) behaviour in the normal circumstances in the chemical industry. After correcting the abnormal behaviour, people were following interdependent safety (19.3 <u>+</u> 22.6) in the chemical organisation. Secondly after giving training for following the golden rules to avoid the COVID-19 we have observed that the highest population were following the independent safety (24.6 <u>+</u> 33.4) in the organization. There are Two different kinds of behaviour prevailed in the chemical industry.</p> Yudhistra Kumar Alavandar Copyright (c) 2022 European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2022-09-28 2022-09-28 5 3 1 16 10.33422/ejbs.v5i3.806 Return To Workplace Fears During Covid-19 <p style="font-weight: 400;">This article reports the observations of fear in the workforce while returning to the workplace following the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic in comparison to previous research on fear in the workplace. Additionally, the findings contribute to the body of knowledge of workplace fears following collective, traumatic events. For the study, a sample of 189 employees were asked 16 questions which were measured on a Likert-type scale, in addition to a free response question on fear management strategies. Distributions of participants encompassed all levels of management. Results indicate primary return to workplace fears of conveying disease to loved ones and national mismanagement of crisis. Additional analysis indicates significant increases in fears stemming from coworker mistrust and career advancement inhibition with decreased fears of being laid off or fired, over baseline conditions. Further, the study observes significant increases in coping strategies such as nutrition and social problem management (such as therapy and socializing) and a decrease in problem management via cognitive adjustments or disengagement. This research suggests that employers take care when crafting their return-to-work strategies to foster trust among coworkers, facilitate opportunities to collectively reflect on traumatic experiences, and provide flexibility in accommodations for individuals’ unique circumstances.</p> Carmine Gibaldi Ryan McCreedy Copyright (c) 2022 European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2022-09-27 2022-09-27 5 3 17 24 10.33422/ejbs.v5i3.914 The Invisible Co-Worker Among Us: Understanding Childhood Trauma and Workplace Well-Being <p>This work intended to investigate potential correlations between past experienced personal trauma to the everyday experience of workplace well-being. The authors explored traumatic childhood stories using the Philadelphia extended version of the original Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) survey. Connections to these experiences were sought in a broad range of populations using snowball sampling. Participants (<em>N</em> = 406) were asked to answer the ACEs survey and questions on their current perception of workplace well-being using the Eudaimonic Workplace Well-Being Scale (EWWS). Results indicated a strong correlation that was statistically significant. An increase in the number of ACEs aligned with a lower perception of well-being within the workplace. This is the first study of its kind to connect clinical childhood trauma &nbsp;experience with current adult workplace experience of well-being. Findings suggest enhanced focus should be placed on engaged awareness and action-oriented treatment of mental health in the workplace.</p> R Michael Neilio Kristen A. Toohill Ryan T.W. McCreedy Aprille F. Young Leanne M. Tortez Copyright (c) 2022 European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 5 3 25 35 10.33422/ejbs.v5i3.918 Determinants of Social and Emotional Loneliness in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Adults <p>Loneliness is a pervasive global health concern and a plethora of studies have linked it to high mortality and morbidity and psychological problems, such as depression, suicidal ideation, and anxiety. Furthermore, growing evidence suggests that loneliness is a bi-dimensional construct made up of two related but distinct categories; social and emotional loneliness. In order to inform future intervention strategies and aid clinicians in tackling this growing ‘epidemic’, data collected by the Growth from Knowledge group (GFK) from a nationally representative sample of adults residing in the US (<em>n</em>=1,839) was used to evaluate the relationship between both subtypes and overall loneliness with a multitude of demographics. Results suggest that being female, younger aged adults, low income, those who are not married nor cohabiting, unemployed, have a high school degree or less, and identify as white are more likely to report feeling emotionally lonely. Younger adults, low income, and those with a high school degree were associated with social loneliness and young adults, low income, those who are not married nor cohabiting, and living in a metro area was significantly linked to total loneliness. These results support the distinction between the loneliness subtypes and it is recommended that researchers and clinicians acknowledge this distinction when developing future prevention and intervention strategies.</p> Laura Kenny Mark Shevlin Marylène Cloitre Copyright (c) 2022 European Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 5 3 36 49 10.33422/ejbs.v5i3.923