Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences <p>Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences (JARSS) is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal that provides rapid publication of articles in all areas of Social Sciences. JARSS is an international, scholarly and peer-reviewed journal (online) published Quarterly by Diamond Scientific Publication, Lithuania.</p> Mokslinės Leidybos Deimantas (Diamond Scientific Publication) en-US Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences 2538-919X The Three Points of a Circle <p>This paper begins from the premise that a key element in comprehending the discipline of International Relations lies in the understanding of state behaviour. This constitutes the main objective of this paper, which focuses on the limited scope of examining one aspect of state behaviour, foreign policy. Foreign policy is examined through the interconnected lenses of ideology and discourse. The argument developed is that ideology sustains foreign policy through the provision of the foundational support that it requires for its perpetuation and through the creation of an overarching narrative that not only explains, but also justifies foreign policy choices. In this context, the concepts of state identity and interests are elevated as two fundamental elements of state behaviour, which are narratively procured via ideology and define the aims of foreign policy and the means of pursuing them. The paper makes clear that the ideological underpinnings of foreign policy require the crucial contribution of discourse as an intervening variable that allows for the narrative performance of identity and the pursuit of foreign policy ends, dictated by identity. Security is conceptualised and exemplified through discourse, with the latter becoming an indispensable element not only of foreign policy, but also of state survival.</p> Maria Evropi Chatzitheodorou Copyright (c) 2024 Maria Evropi Chatzitheodorou 2024-03-07 2024-03-07 7 1 1 13 10.33422/jarss.v7i1.1175 Law on Higher Education and Science of the Republic of Armenia <p>In 1991, the Soviet model of higher education in 15 republics of the USSR, with its 5.1 million students and 946 higher education institutions, started 15 independent journeys. All countries within the Soviet heritage, shared the legacies of the single Soviet approach to higher education provision: a centrally planned organization and financing, subordination to multiple sectoral ministries, a national curriculum, a vocational orientation based on the combination of strong basic education and narrow specialized job-related training, a nomenclature of types of higher education institutions, tuition-free study places and guaranteed employment upon graduation combined with mandatory job placement. After 70 years of Soviet legacy, back in 1991 Armenia initiated its independent journey. The Law on Higher and Postgraduate Education of the Republic of Armenia (RA) entered into force on April 14, 1999 and since then has undergone a number of amendments. Back in 2019 a new draft Law on Higher Education and Science was published on the Unified Website for Publication of Legal Acts’ Drafts, inviting public discussions from 03.12.2019 till 18.12.2019. Throughout two decades this was the first time when major and fundamental amendments were foreseen in the existing law on Higher and Postgraduate Education and the Law on Scientific and Scientific-Technical operations; at least this is what has been announced by the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sport (MoESCS). However, the reality is that after long- lasting public discussions, debates and a lot of time spent on final version of the document, on August 2, 2021, the Constitutional Court declared the law “On Higher Education and Science” unconstitutional. This paper aims to analyze the reasons behind the proposed amendments to existing laws and the negative reception of the draft law. Specifically, it focuses on the Draft Law on Higher Education and Science, examining the historical, social, and political factors that may have influenced the agenda-setting process. Additionally, the paper employs a critical policy discourse analysis framework, with a particular emphasis on contextualization, to study the agenda-setting process.</p> Zaruhi Soghomonyan Copyright (c) 2024 Zaruhi Soghomonyan 2024-03-07 2024-03-07 7 1 14 31 10.33422/jarss.v7i1.1183 Sociolinguistic Insights from Free Associative Experiment Data <p>This study delves into the intricate relationship between language, cognition, and society by employing a multidimensional approach. It combines free associative experiments and sociolinguistic analysis to offer a nuanced perspective on concept configuration. By focusing on the intersection of sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics, the research explores how sociocultural factors influence the way individuals associate concepts, exemplified through the study of “Altruism” in English native speakers. The findings underscore the significant impact of variables like age and gender on the concept configuration, revealing the fact that social variables shape linguistic consciousness. This integration of methodologies provides a comprehensive understanding of the concept configuration, emphasizing the need for a multidimensional approach in the study of language intricacies. In summary, this article highlights the importance of merging free associative experiments and sociolinguistic analysis to unravel the influence of social factors on concept associations. It contributes valuable insights into the dynamic nature of language, cognition, and society while emphasizing the relevance of age and gender variables in such investigations. This research lays a foundation for further exploration in the fields of sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics.</p> Maia Chkheidze Revaz Tabatadze Lika Tsulukidze Copyright (c) 2024 Maia Chkheidze, Revaz Tabatadze, Lika Tsulukidze 2024-03-07 2024-03-07 7 1 32 40 10.33422/jarss.v7i1.1173 The Pivotal Significance of Sociocultural Demarcations in Shaping and Upholding the Ethnic Identity of the Deported Meskhetians (Exemplified in the Context of South Georgia) <p>The article delves into an intricate exploration of the function, significance, and intrinsic characteristics defining social, cultural, and ethnic demarcations, pivotal in shaping the self-perception of the deported Meskhetians. Despite the prevailing consensus emphasizing the pivotal role of historical memory, territorial associations, interconnected emotions, and collective trauma in shaping the identity of the deported Meskhetians, empirical studies underscore the substantial role played by social and cultural boundaries. These boundaries stand as equally significant mechanisms, fostering the preservation of the identity of this community vis-à-vis other ethnic or social groups. A consensus prevails regarding the manifestation of these boundaries, often characterized by unique markers, symbolic representations, specific attributes, or momentous events. The existence of such resemblant boundaries exerts a profound influence on the attitudes, interrelations, and mutual understandings between individuals and discrete groups, thereby exerting a substantial impact on self-perception. The empirical foundation supporting precise assertions and deductions emanates from comprehensive field studies carried out among the deported Meskhetians domiciled in South Georgia. The inquiry into the identity quandary of repatriates is approached from diverse angles, employing a spectrum of methodologies such as the micro-history approach, biographical-narrative interviews, in-depth interviews, and life history analysis. A comparative method was instrumental in juxtaposing and analyzing data sourced from distinct target groups, enabling the correlation of discerned disparities with varying experiences and historical recollections. Specifically, 44 participants spanning various ages and diverse life experiences underwent interviews. The amassed information was meticulously sifted through, considering parameters such as the respondent's age, ethnic background, gender, direct or tangential association with memories linked to the deportation episode. The primary trends influencing the trajectory of identity establishment or preservation, as delineated within the empirical data, were methodically extracted and isolated. The scrutiny of the acquired data revealed striking disparities in how interviewees perceive their own ethnic identity. Equally apparent were discrepancies in the local community's attitudes towards them and their interpretation of the interviewees' ethnicity. Notably, confirmation emerged regarding the existence of specific social and cultural boundaries within the internal dynamics of the deported Meskhetian community. Yet, as expected, conspicuous cultural and social distinctions surfaced between the deported Meskhetians and the local population, emphasizing unequivocal separations. The contention is posited that the distinctiveness of these boundaries is shaped by several factors. Specifically, the respondent's stance concerning ethnic heritage within their internal group, the diverse traditions prevalent within the Georgian ethnic group, anticipation of potential risks inherent in the Armenian ethnic group, and the accrued experiences from intergroup relations collectively contribute to this delineation. The overarching outcomes of the research are deliberated within the realm of prevailing theories pertaining to identity. The assertion is made that the pivotal determinants shaping the self-perception of the deported Meskhetians primarily align within the constructivist theory framework.</p> Tina Gudushauri Manana Tsereteli Copyright (c) 2024 Tina Gudushauri, Manana Tsereteli 2024-03-07 2024-03-07 7 1 41 51 10.33422/jarss.v7i1.1176 Research on the Relationship between Jiannan West Jiedushi and Buddhism in the Mid to Late Tang Dynasty <p>This article comprehensively explores the relationship between Xichuan Jiedushi and Buddhism during the mid to late Tang Dynasty through a comprehensive investigation of internal and external classics, Buddhist relics, and field survey data, following the traditional cataloging method of seeking books based on categories and studying studies based on books. Jiedushi was not only the provincial governor during the middle and late Tang Dynasty, but also a synonym of a local administrative district. The predecessor of the Jiannan West Jiedushi, Jiannan Jiedushi, was one of the earliest Jiedushi established in the Tang Dynasty. Due to its developed economy and close proximity to the Guanzhong area, Jiannan West became an exceedingly important region of Tang Dynasty. Thus its significance was evident. At the same time, the flourishing of Buddhism in the Tang Dynasty reached its peak, affecting all fields. Under the influence of Buddhism, the bureaucrats and scholars generally worshipped Buddhism, among which included all the Jiannan West Jiedushi. In addition, under the bureaucratic system of Tang Dynasty, most Jiannan West Jiedushi were literary giants, which had significant influence on the formation and development of Chengdu's urban culture in the middle to late Tang Dynasty. Especially in religious activities, they extensively participated in the interaction between Confucianism and Buddhism, and treated famous monks with civility. And during their tenure, they either donated funds to build temples, or converted their residences into temples, or ordained people as monks. They fully supported the development of Buddhism, which not only united people in Jiannan West, but also indirectly stabilized the Tang Dynasty's rule of Jiannan West. This article comprehensively considers the background of the times, the intervention of political rights, the interaction of social classes, and the customs of life. At the same time, it refers to the influence of local officials represented by the Xichuan Jiedushi on religious philosophy, aesthetic psychology, cultural arts, sculpture, and other factors during this period, in order to objectively and comprehensively depict the Buddhism of Bashu in the middle and late Tang Dynasty.</p> Zhou Jie Copyright (c) 2024 Zhou Jie 2024-03-07 2024-03-07 7 1 52 64 10.33422/jarss.v7i1.1197