Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences <p>Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences (JARSS) is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal that provides rapid publication of articles in all areas of Social Sciences. JARSS is an international, scholarly and peer-reviewed journal (online) published Quarterly by Diamond Scientific Publication, Lithuania.</p> en-US (If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us:) (Technical Support Contact) Fri, 06 May 2022 07:28:32 +0000 OJS 60 Exploration of Music Preferences among the Socioeconomic Stereotypes: A Cross-Sectional Study <p>Music preference is being influenced by various sociological factors. This study was undertaken to investigate music preferences across five different socio-economic classes in selected urban and suburban areas of Sri Lanka. Ten music tracks representing the correspondent musical genres were selected. The single most preferred and the weighted hedonic mean score for the genres in each class were obtained as upper class: jazz, upper middle class: nature music, middle class: popular instrumental, working class: popular instrumental and poor class: rock. The interaction between socio-economic classes and genres was significant (p&lt;0.05). Compelling associations for folk, jazz, and popular instrumental genres were found with the upper-middle class while the upper class has shown a significant association for popular instrumental music. Despite the socio-economic status, the highest preference and the highest weighted hedonic mean score were recorded with popular instrumental. Thus, understanding music preference behaviour is vital for music education and research.</p> B. I. L. M. Mendis, P. A. D. S. Palihaderu, Dilan Amila Satharasinghe, J. M. K. J. K. Premarathne, Arosha S Dissanayake, Harshini Rajapakse, Panduka Karunanayake, Upul Senarath, Wasana Wijesuriya, Swee Yeap Keong, Wang Yong Ho, Wasantha Subasinghe, Ruwin Dias Copyright (c) 2022 Layan Mendis, P A D S Palihaderu, Dilan Amila Satharasinghe, J M K J K Premarathne, Arosha S Dissanayake, Harshini Rajapakse, Panduka Karunanayake, Upul Senarath, Wasana Wijesuriya, Swee Yeap Keong, Wang Yong Ho, Wasantha Subasinghe, Ruwin Dias Mon, 20 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 From Mining to Shop Keeping; the New Way of Life of Gold Miners in Ghana <p>This paper explores how the closure of a century old commercial gold mines has changed the main source of livelihoods and social relations in Obuasi, Ghana. Two years after the mines were closed and almost all workers laid off, there was a paradoxical increase in new luxury residential houses nestling all around the town, and at the same time, there was no certainty in economic stability. Using qualitative research approaches, it was discovered that, the main priority of the laid-off mine workers was to build their own houses as symbol of continuity, the same as they enjoyed when they lived in the company’s housing estates. As much of the severance money was invested into getting private housing, less was left to pursue and sustain economic and livelihood continuity. The study presents a mixture of economic and identity ambiguity amongst the former miners and the town.</p> Seth Amofah, Lily Agyare, Kingsley Adu Koranteng, Emmanuel Junior Bioh Copyright (c) 2022 Seth Amofah, Lily Agyare, Kingsley Adu Koranteng, Emmanuel Junior Bioh Mon, 20 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Jus post bellum: Justice at the End of War <p><em>Post bellum</em> justice considers vindication of human rights and prosecution on occasion of its violation essential to establish just peace at the end of war. An inquiry into the interrelationship between justice in the commencement, during, and at the end of war reveals the centrality of human rights and just peace. Conversely, <em>jus post bellum's</em> failure is associated with discrepancies in <em>jus ad bellum</em> and <em>jus in bello</em> conditions of just war (JW). The study, therefore, observes an intricate relationship between the three conditions of just war. This correlation is further stressed on the importance of <em>jus ad bellum</em> criteria of right intention and proportionality principle of <em>jus in bello</em> to rightly administer judgment for crimes committed during war. To complement the already existing laws of warfare, the paper distinguished crimes based on intention into presumptuous, not-presumptuous, and un-presumptuous. Thus, all three conditions of just war synergistically work together to justify a just war claim for right resort to force.</p> S. Nengneithem Haokip, Prabhu Venkataraman Copyright (c) 2022 Sanlut Nengneithem Haokip, Prabhu Venkataraman Mon, 20 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Perceptions of Educators Relating to the Promotion of the Psychological Well-Being of Abandoned Children <p>Promoting the psychological well-being of abandoned children raises specific issues. These children have no choices but to live in residential child care institutions. They are called to take part in society, to become autonomous and competent adults. However, these children present difficulties that result in impairment of self-esteem and are identified by negative feelings, as well as failures in their relationship with others. Researchers point out that the satisfaction of the three basic psychological needs: the need for autonomy, the need for social affiliation and the need for competence, is essential to the growth of the individual’s integrity and well-being. Our ultimate interest is to contribute through this work, to the development of educational practices and the quality of care in the child care institutions. From this perspective, this qualitative research aims to explore the educators’ perceptions of psychological well-being of abandoned children, actions they take and the contributions of professional services to promote it. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with educators (N=10) in a residential child care institution. The results show that the educator’s perceptions of psychological well-being go in the same direction as the definitions of psychological well-being in the scientific literature. The majority of their actions tend towards satisfaction of the three fundamental psychological needs, which are essential to the development of psychological well-being. They also underlined the important role of professional services, material and human resources in this direction. This research allowed identifying five specific ways to promote the psychological well-being of abandoned children in the residential child care institutions.</p> Fatima Attar, Khadija Ouadi Copyright (c) 2022 Fatima Attar, Khadija Ouadi Mon, 20 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Speech Acts and Argumentative Resources in the Speeches Given in Front of the European Parliament by King Juan Carlos I and by King Felipe VI <p>This paper focuses on comparing the speeches given in front of the European Parliament by King Juan Carlos I on the 14th of May 1986 and by King Felipe VI on the 7th of October 2015 from a pragma-rhetoric perspective. It highlights certain speech acts that may constitute the backbone of the two speeches, as they refer to key topics such as terrorism, the preservation of European values, a more integrated Europe, etc. Moreover, it also attempts to identify significant argumentative resources that were used such as rhetorical figures and various types of arguments. Both speeches reflect some of the issues that the European Union had to tackle at the time they were delivered. King Juan Carlos I urges for a more united Europe and he puts emphasis on the technological challenges that lie ahead. He uses anaphors, a paradox and the ad consequentiam argument. King Felipe VI points out the need of the European Union to identify new internal and external objectives in a more globalized world. He also states that, by joining their forces together, the European states can offer help to the thousands of refugees who were migrating back then mostly from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq so as to escape war. King Felipe VI uses in his argumentation anaphors, the circular reasoning fallacy, the ad consequentiam argument and the appeal to authority. As a discursive strategy, he mentions that the European Union is “our great common project”, making thus reference to the concept of “project of life” as it was defined by the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset. Both orators employ personifications of Spain. They both throw a strong light on the role of Spain within the European Union. The text analysis application AntConc is used in order to detect the most used words in their speeches.</p> Simona Luiza Tigris Copyright (c) 2022 Simona-Luiza Tigris Mon, 20 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000